- More than 40% of those companies chose to file in the State of Delaware, way above California (2nd on the list) that registered 5 issuers, compared to 25 in Delaware. Striking as it is, this figure is actually lower than the proportion of publicly-traded companies registered in Delaware (more than 50% of the country’s total) due to the State’s business-friendly environment.
- With 30% (or 18 issuers) of the total, Consumer Products was the industry the most heavily represented in the offerings filed, followed by the Internet & Mobile Apps, and the Services sectors with both 10 issuers. Together they account for more than 60% of all offerings.
- A third of companies were created in 2016, and more than half in the past two years.
- Less than 5% (2 out of 60) of companies had more than 10 employees at the time of their respective offerings. Overall, the median number of employees for crowdfunding issuers amounted to three.
- Likewise, the majority of companies weren’t generating any revenue at the time of their offering, and common equity seemed to be the preferred type of securities offered to potential investors.
- For those issuers that had yet to generate revenue at the time of their offering, pre-money valuations were in line with what can be observed in the traditional early-stage financing market. Excluding outliers, the average valuation is slightly under $5 million, with a median valuation of $4 million.
- However, it appears that pre-money valuations for companies issuing preferred equity were lower than for the ones issuing common equity. This is is rather counter-intuitive as preferred equity is usually considered as more valuable (for a given company) due to additional rights and privileges. The authors argue that valuations being mostly decided by the issuers, irrational (or at least, unexpected) outcomes might occur. Another factor that could explain this observation would be that some companies chose to offer preferred equity at a low valuation, in order to compensate investors for additional risks.
- Globally, less than half of the securities issued had a voting rights. This could be explained by companies’ reluctance to manage hundreds or even thousands of ‘small’ equity owners.
More data and insight is included in the original publication but two elements seem to be particularly relevant for actors looking to build a crowdfunding platform:
- Companies seem to be rather cost-sensitive when selecting a funding portal: despite the variety of platforms available to issuers, the one charging the lowest fee to issuers was behind almost half of the offerings. This fact could imply that robust platforms, with the most resources, were able to develop an aggressive pricing strategy, which translated in a strong deal flow.
- Regulatory requirements seem to impact the offerings’ target amounts: two thirds were seeking to raise less than $100,000, and none attempted to raise more than $500,000. This is due to the different thresholds that were set by the legislator. Above $100,000, issuers’ financial statements must be reviewed by independent accountants, and thoroughly audited beyond $500,000.
At Crowd Valley, our goal is to provide our customers with an infrastructure that makes their marketplaces operations as efficient, secure and sustainable as possible. And we look forward to assist established institutions and niche specialists in the creation of crowdfunding marketplace services.
Born and raised in France, Enzo began working within Fintech in 2014, covering the regulatory changes than enabled the creation of French equity crowdfunding platforms for Lyon Place Financière, an association that regroups all actors of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes’ financial place. There, he also worked on an exhaustive analysis of the regional stock market among other duties. Enzo has lived and studied in different countries, including the United States (Philadelphia & Monroe,MI) and France (Paris & Lyon).